Several of the following questions are found on the CDC website. The CDC website is an excellent resource for additional information. Learn about 2019 Novel Coronavirus.
Q: What is 2019 Novel Coronavirus?
A: 2019 Novel Coronavirus, or 2019-nCoV, is a new respiratory virus first identified in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.
Q: Are there cases in Indiana or at DePauw University?
A: There are currently no known cases in Indiana or at DePauw University. DePauw Health and the University continue to monitor nCoronavirus guidance from the CDC and the Indiana State Department of Health. At this time, there is no need to change daily routines.
Q: What is DePauw University doing to prepare for the possibility of someone getting the nCoronavirus?
A: DePauw Health and University leaders/staff are communicating with faculty/staff and students with email and web communications like this FAQ to inform and guide them on handling the situation. DePauw Health is following CDC and ISDH protocols for evaluation and treatment of possible cases. We are promoting good hygiene to prevent all respiratory infections, including influenza, through email, website and poster information on campus and at the health center. We are using screening protocols to detect individuals at risk for nCoronavirus infection.
Q: What are the symptoms and complications that Novel Coronavirus 2019 can cause?
Q: How does the virus spread?
A: Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak of respiratory illness caused by 2019-nCov in Wuhan, China had some link to a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. Later, a growing number of patients reportedly did not have exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread.
Q: What is the Clinical Case Definition?
A: Clinical Features: Fever (measured temp >100.5) and/or symptoms of lower respiratory illness (e.g. cough, difficulty breathing)
Epidemiologic Risk: In the last 14 days before symptom onset, either a history of travel from Wuhan City, China OR close contact with a person with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV.
Q: What if I recently traveled to Wuhan, China?
A: If you were in Wuhan and feel sick with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, within 14 days after you left Wuhan, you should
- Seek medical care right away. Before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room, call ahead and tell them about your recent travel and your symptoms. DePauw Health hours: http://depauwhealth.org/. After hours care: http://depauwhealth.org/after-hours-care/.
- Avoid contact with others.
- Not travel while sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing. Use a mask if you have one or can get one. DePauw Health has masks available in its’ waiting room.
- Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds to avoid spreading the virus to others. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
A: If you traveled to Wuhan in the past 14 days and do not feel sick, you should monitor for the development of symptoms by checking your temperature twice daily until 14 days after travel. If you develop a fever or feel ill, contact a health provider immediately as noted above.
Q: How can I help protect myself?
A: Prevention. There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. Right now, 2019-nCoV has not been found to be spreading in the United States, so there are no additional precautions recommended for the general public to take. However, as a reminder, the CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces
Q: What are the treatments?
A: There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for 2019-nCoV infection. People infected with 2019-nCoV should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. There is no vaccine available at this time.
Q: Should I be tested for 2019-nCoV?
A: If you are asymptomatic, even if your traveled to Wuhan, you do not need testing. Monitor for the development of symptoms.
If you develop a fever1 and symptoms of respiratory illness, such as cough or shortness of breath, within 14 days after travel from Wuhan, China, you should call ahead to a healthcare provider and mention your recent travel or close contact. DePauw Health or your healthcare provider will work with your state’s public health department and CDC to determine if you need to be tested for 2019-nCoV.